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5 of America's Insane Ayslums and the Horrors That Happened There

From the birthplace of the lobotomy to a school for disabled children with "zoo-like" conditions, let's go behind the locked doors of history's worst institutions.

Topeka State Hospital, Kansas
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The Topeka State Hospital’s legacy is the story of a patient who’d been strapped down so long that his skin had started growing over the straps. They also resorted to abuse, rape, and castration as a means to control their patients. The Topeka State Hospital remained open until 1997.

Danvers State Hospital, Massachusetts
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This huge gothic building was constructed in the 1870s as a home for the mentally ill and insane, aiming to treat its inhabitants with kindness and compassion. Danvers is considered the birthplace of the lobotomy, and soon enough, rumors were spreading about the possibly inhumane treatments going on behind its doors. Some thought the doctors were resorting to various methods, like overdosing patients on insulin and violent shock treatment, just to control the population. Danvers was shuttered completely in 1992, and the remaining buildings have turned into apartments.

Waverly Hills Sanatorium, Kentucky
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Waverly Hills is not an insane asylum, but rather a hospital for tuberculosis patients. There wasn’t a guaranteed medical treatment for TB when Waverly Hills was built, so doctors occasionally resorted to some rather barbaric methods. They removed ribs and muscles, and may have even inserted balloons into the lungs to help them expand more. Many died, their bodies sent down the “body chute.” It’s not known for sure how many people died at Waverly Hills – the number ranges from 150 a year to 63,000.

Overbrook Insane Asylum, New Jersey
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As is often the case with insane asylums, the patient-to-staff ratio was unbalanced. Too many patients need care they weren’t getting from overworked staff. At Overbrook, conditions were so bad that several patients froze to death in their beds in the early 20th century. Some went missing and were never found. Overbrook eventually closed in the ‘70s.

Willowbrook State School, Staten Island
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In the ‘60s, Robert Kennedy toured Willowbrook and was appalled at its “zoo-like” conditions. But it wasn’t until reporter Geraldo Rivera investigated Willowbrook and uncovered the truly terrible conditions that the asylum came under fire. Patients were left to wander around, often covered in their own urine and feces, and some were sexually assaulted by staff. You can watch Geraldo’s Peabody Award-winning investigation here.

H/T Creepy Catalog

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