Photos of Old Kitchens from 1860 to 1970
Cabinets! Give me ALL of the Cabinets!
From 1900-1920, many families were staying in smaller homes, and this meant that things like the Hoosier became more important, because they simply didn’t have space for all of those wall hangings.
1914.Margaret Ober, a singer with the The Metropolitan Opera, showing off a rib roast she’s made in her kitchen. Look at all the cabinets!
1911. This illustration shows what a modern kitchen looked like in rare upper-class homes. While the entire room now has a nice flow to it, each of the areas – sink, stove, cabinets, etc. – are all still standalone. The cabinets became display cases just as much as storage!
1915. Cooking was starting to become a family affair.
Moving Toward “Built In” vs. Standalone
As the kitchen became more important, home builders began considering how these standalone items can be included in the home build itself.
1917, A display for a modern Efficiency Kitchen. Here we see how the shelving, cabinetry, and lighting for a kitchen started to move toward becoming part of the space vs. an element inside it.
1920s photo of a model Koehler kitchen. The big progress that was made with building-in the key elements, saving space and making the kitchen more flexible, which meant that the concept of a ‘kitchen table’ was now possible!
A 1920s kitchen showing the inclusion of built-in cabinetry. Notice a smaller sink that was part of the build, and a stove that was now a simple turn away. And check out the linoleum, too!
The 1920s and 1930s: The Kitchen Comes to Life
Everyone had a kitchen by this era, and so to did most households migrate to eating many meals at a small kitchen table (vs. a larger dining room).
1925. What the typical kitchen in a middle class or upper-middle class home looked like. Take note that 1) There’s now a radiator to make the preparation more comfortable, 2) The kitchen table has now it’s own prime spot, but no longer out of place, and 3) There are lovely curtains that add to the softness of the room.
An aspirational view of a 1930s kitchen. Notice how the flooring starts to become more fun, the cabinets have some color, and there are plants in the windows. This is also the first time we begin to see colorful pots, pans, and storage bins.
Getting Efficient During the War
As more and more homes moved to gas in the late 1930s, stoves became smaller and more efficient.
Lena Horne shows off her new gas stove in 1940. This revolutionized efficiency in the kitchen as it freed up tons of space for other things and also cut down on mess.
1941. The need for efficiency housing during war-time created super-simple kitchens. The stove is now a built-in element as is the dishwasher.
1945. The War Efforts took many women out of the home for the first time as they assumed every job imaginable to fill in for soldiers. Th women then applied much of the efficiency they saw at their jobs back in their homes. This created more and more functionality in the kitchens and enabled multiple people to work at once.
1946, Photo of the home kitchen of Sam Lontine, miner. Puritan Camp, Erie, Colorado. At the same time, kitchens became where most families would eat.
The 1950s: Bring on the Color!
The Baby Boom brought on a whole new world of families and prosperity. As the culture evolved to more rock n roll and expression, the kitchens get more ‘fun’.
Modern magazines began to promote more colorfully-trimmed kitchens after the war. Many homes even featured built-in hutches like this one that resembled the local diner.
Another kitchen from 1955. This shows a liberal use of yellow that would become a staple of many kitchens through the 1960s.
The 60s and 70s: Designer Kitchens and Scaled-Down Efficiency
The unique architecture of the 1960s influenced kitchens in two ways: 1) the higher-end, designer ones began to look more space-age where one could barely tell that it was a kitchen at all and 2) Home builders looking to appeal to the middle class began developing smaller, less white-washed kitchens that felt more ‘homey’.
Early 1960s kitchen. Has a more modern, streamlined look where everything is built in. You’d barely even notice the stove if walking by!
Doris Day in her Malibu Kitchen in 1966. This design would eventually become a mainstay in homes across America as the kitchen became smaller and felt more like a comfortable ‘command center’ than its own room.
1970s. What used to be known as the ‘kitchen’ really ceased to be so as the family’s dining table typically moved to be the centerpiece of the room.