Babylon – The Rise And Fall Of It

By | March 28, 2019

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Illustration of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. Source: (Bettmann Collection, Object E276 Getty Image #514887272)

The city of Babylon was once a thriving city with magnificent structures and palaces. One of the key attractions of Babylon was the Hanging Gardens. The Hanging Gardens is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Babylon was once a powerful center for trade, culture, religion, wealth, and luxury. Militarily thought to be indestructible by its enemies, Babylon was, in the midst of all its glory, suddenly struck down in one night about 2,500 years ago. Babylon, located in the area of Mesopotamia within the borders of modern day Iraq, lies mostly in ruins today but is being partially reconstructed.

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Tower of Babel. Source: (

The Beginning

The very first leader was Nimrod, a mighty warrior, who began to lead the first people in the land then known as Shinar (later became known as Babylon). Nimrod had great aspirations to build a huge empire with the people as his subjects. He instructed the people to build a tall magnificent tower that would stretch up to the heavens. They were making significant progress, when all of a sudden, according to the biblical narrative, construction suddenly stopped. They could no longer communicate with each other because their languages had been confused and they dispersed. This tower was originally called Bab-ilu in the Akkadian language meaning “Gate of God,” but later named Babel by the Hebrews meaning “to confuse”; hence, the name Babylon, which is the Greek name for Babel. The area that surrounds the city was called Babylonia.