The Iroquois Confederacy: How The Revolutionary War Broke A Centuries-Old Alliance

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Council meeting of the Iroquois Confederacy. (Photo by H. Armstrong Roberts/ClassicStock/Getty Images)

The original Iroquois Confederacy, called the Five Nations, was an arrangement between the Seneca, Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga, and Onondaga tribes. By all accounts, it was an ideal organization. The individual tribes retained their own traditions and cultures but could count on the other tribes in times of war, dispute, hunting, and celebration. However, the Revolutionary War broke apart this centuries-old alliance, effectively ending the Iroquois's dominance in the New World. Let's look at how that happened.