Remarkable Man-Made Wonders of the World

By Sophia Maddox | May 1, 2024

India's Taj Mahal Captivates Anew

There are over 100 million buildings in the world, an absolutely staggering number when you try to wrap your head around it. Before settling down and building structures, people were nomadic for thousands of years  - of course this was 1.8 million years ago. Mostly, these buildings were simple structures consisting of four walls and a roof. Over time, people learned better techniques and started creating more elaborate structures, that's what we're checking out today.

From that time to the present, people have constructed many remarkable man-made structures. Some are lavish homes while others have been used as seats of government as well as other purposes. Let's look at some of these remarkable man-made structures.


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The Taj Mahal on Yamuna River's shore in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India, was commissioned by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to house the tomb of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died in 1631 while giving birth to the couple's 14th child. Architect Ustad Ahmad Lahori led a crew of 20,000 workers to construct the main building in 1643 but work on surrounding buildings continued until about 1653.

The main building's onion dome, which stands 115 feet tall, makes this one of the most recognizable sites in the world. The outside of the building contains marvelous examples of Mughal architecture created by artists using paint, stones and stucco. Its interior has many examples of lapidary made with precious and semi-precious gemstones. Sixteen sunken gardens surround the main building, with gardeners labeling most plants with their scientific names. Red sandstone walls enclose the main complex on three sides, with smaller mausoleums containing the emperor's other wives and his favorite servant near the walls.

The Great Pyramid of Giza Stands Tall as a Timeless Wonder of Human Achievement

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Workers toiled for almost 30 years during the first half of the 26th century BC to construct the Great Pyramid of Giza, the largest Egyptian pyramid. It is the final resting spot of Pharaoh Khufu, the second ruler of the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. This pyramid is the northernmost pyramid in the Giza Pyramid Complex. For more than 3,800 years, it was the tallest man-made structure in the world. When visitors see the Great Pyramid of Giza, they view the inner part of the pyramid as limestone originally covered the exterior. The pyramid consists of three chambers, with the lowest chamber below ground.

Workers used approximately 2.3 million blocks, each weighing about 2.5 tons, to construct the pyramid. They took the stone from a nearby quarry, but workers brought other materials from over 500 miles away. The corners of the pyramid roughly align with the four geographic cardinal directions, an achievement that still boggles the minds of scholars to this day.