Remarkable Man-Made Wonders of the World

By Sophia Maddox | March 6, 2024

Giza's Iconic Great Sphinx Continues to Mesmerize

There are over 100 million buildings in the world, an absolutely staggering number when you try to wrap your head around it. Before settling down and building structures, people were nomadic for thousands of years  - of course this was 1.8 million years ago. Mostly, these buildings were simple structures consisting of four walls and a roof. Over time, people learned better techniques and started creating more elaborate structures, that's what we're checking out today.

From that time to the present, people have constructed many remarkable man-made structures. Some are lavish homes while others have been used as seats of government as well as other purposes. Let's look at some of these remarkable man-made structures.

 

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Source: Reddit

Workers cut the original Great Sphinx of Giza from bedrock in about 2542 BC, but other workers have restored this statue on the west bank of the Nile River in Giza, Egypt, with limestone. This statue has the head of a human, with many experts suggesting it represents the head of Pharaoh Khafre, while the statue's body is a mythical creature, like a lion. The Great Sphinx received that name about 25 AD.


Likely, the head of the Great Sphinx of Giza was initially formed by blowing winds hitting the bedrock. Then, workers carved the head. Later, they built a moat around the head and workers used the removed bedrock to construct the statue's body. Evidence suggests that the Great Sphinx of Giza originally had a nose chiseled off before 1737, but no one knows by who or why they would have taken the nose as a souvenir. The statue probably had a beard although it may have been added later. In 1980, a rear passage into the Great Sphinx of Giza was unearthed, suggesting the statue may have originally been intended as a funerary.

The Great Pyramid of Giza Stands Tall as a Timeless Wonder of Human Achievement

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Workers toiled for almost 30 years during the first half of the 26th century BC to construct the Great Pyramid of Giza, the largest Egyptian pyramid. It is the final resting spot of Pharaoh Khufu, the second ruler of the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. This pyramid is the northernmost pyramid in the Giza Pyramid Complex. For more than 3,800 years, it was the tallest man-made structure in the world. When visitors see the Great Pyramid of Giza, they view the inner part of the pyramid as limestone originally covered the exterior. The pyramid consists of three chambers, with the lowest chamber below ground.

Workers used approximately 2.3 million blocks, each weighing about 2.5 tons, to construct the pyramid. They took the stone from a nearby quarry, but workers brought other materials from over 500 miles away. The corners of the pyramid roughly align with the four geographic cardinal directions, an achievement that still boggles the minds of scholars to this day.