When Phrenology was a Legit Science

By Karen Harris

In the early 19th century, peaking between 1810 and 1840, the science of phrenology was considered to be fact-based, cutting-edge science. Phrenology was the study and measurement of a person’s skull as an indicator of intelligence, personality and character. Phrenology, in fact, reinforced racial and gender bias and even declared people criminals or mentally ill based on a certain skull. We have come a long way in our understanding that brainpower is not controlled by the size and shape of the skull.