Devil's Night, Mischief Night, Or Cabbage Night: What Do You Call The Night Before Halloween?
Mischief Night, Cabbage Night, the pre-Halloween candy fast---depending on where you grew up, you not only called the night before Halloween something different, but it had a meaning that was entirely foreign to the rest of the country. Before Halloween became prevalent in the 20th century, towns were beseeched with teens causing mischief of all kinds. They egged houses, tipped over outhouses, and got all sorts of rowdy. Things got so out of hand that people began plying the children with candy in order to chill everyone out. While most areas across the country have no particular name for the day before October 31, there are a few places that hold Halloween Eve as a special holiday all its own.
Mischief goes part and parcel with Halloween. People dress up, they put on masks, and they bang on their neighbor's doors in search of sweets. In New Jersey, however, the night before Halloween is special. Known as Mischief Night, no one is entirely sure when this celebration got its start in the US, but its earliest recorded usage was in Oxford, England in 1790. It shows up again in the Victorian era as a pre--May Day celebration in which young people pranked one another by locking each other in their houses, switching out street signs, and just generally acting the fool.
In America, Mischief Night mostly likely began in the depths of the Great Depression, prior to the onset of World War II. It was an era of major anxiety, and people just needed to let off some steam. Whether the people of New Jersey got together and decided to wreck shop on their neighborhoods or something more organic occurred remains a mystery, but either way, kids went out and threw firecrackers at cars, egged houses, and got up to nothing but trouble. In 1937, The Daily Boston Globe reported that young people were "ringing false alarms, setting fires, breaking windows, and in general doing their best to annoy people" on October 30. They even took part in the "Battle of the Charles," throwing fruit and vegetables at one another. Sounds fun.