The Lost Civilization Of Mohenjo-Daro

By | March 1, 2019

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Ruins of Mohenjo-Daro. Source: (

A lost civilization located in India, Mohenjo-daro was the largest city in the Indus Valley and was considered to be one of the world’s most sophisticated cities. This mysterious civilization was unusually advanced as compared to other civilizations at that time. Because no one really knows for sure what culture they were, they were given the name of “Harappans,” an Indus River Valley civilization. They existed from 3300 to 1300 B.C. but quite a bit different than their counterparts: Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China. Determined from various archeological finds, the Harappan people appeared to be more advanced scientifically and wealthier than other civilizations of their time.  

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Ten Indus scripts found. Source: (

During their prime, there were about five million of them living in this vast area with over a thousand cities and settlements. One of the things that make them so mysterious is that no one can interpret their writing. The symbols are not like any other – quite unique. Researchers have been trying to figure out how to decipher the ten scripts that were found near the north gateway of the Dholavira citadel. It seems they were a people of peace based on the type of crafts they created. Using their metal skills, they crafted toys rather weapons.

Based on the research, the people were all on an equal status. Everyone had the same level of health and class. It appears they all worked together in their communities so that they all received the same benefits. It is believed that the people were led by a certain number of leaders who represented the individual communities. Elite burials were quite scarce. The places they built were not built for showmanship like palaces and monuments.